Sober living

Effects of Alcohol on Each Part of the Body

Your liver is a remarkable organ with hundreds of essential functions. Alcohol is one of the most popular psychoactive substances in the world. It’s produced by yeasts that digest sugar Man serving sentence for attacking parents fails to return to halfway house and considered escapee in certain carb-rich foods, such as grapes — used to make wine — or grains — used to make beer. On the other, it is addictive and highly toxic — especially when you drink too much.

The alcohol in beverages such as wine, beer, and liquor is ethyl alcohol (ethanol). It is a central nervous suppressant and is known to affect every organ in the body. A  causal relationship has been established between harmful drinking and incidence or outcomes of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV. NIAAA Director George F. Koob, Ph.D., said that as of May 2023, the institute is not aware of specific health guidelines on alcohol consumption for transgender or gender-nonconforming individuals.

Long-term effects of alcohol misuse

Also, many factors impact why someone might drink heavily, moderately or not at all, which might also lead them toward or away from other healthy lifestyle factors. That makes it hard to figure out whether it’s alcohol or lifestyle or some combination that contributes to their well-being. Simultaneously, alcohol abuse is the third main cause of preventable death in the US, as it’s a large factor in chronic diseases, accidents, traffic crashes and social problems (68). Liver diseases caused by alcohol consumption are collectively known as alcoholic liver diseases.

  • “Rather than trying to apply a one-size-fits-all approach, we need to consider a more personalized point of view,” he said.
  • Drinking slowly is another way to reduce the rate at which alcohol is absorbed by your body.
  • With these conditions, you’ll only notice symptoms during alcohol intoxication or withdrawal.

If you feel that you sometimes drink too much alcohol, or your drinking is causing problems, or if your family is concerned about your drinking, talk with your health care provider. Other ways to get help include talking with a mental health professional or seeking help from a support group such as Alcoholics Anonymous or a similar type of self-help group. Alcohol use can exacerbate mental health conditions, like anxiety and depression, or lead to their onset. According to the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 69.5% of people in the United States reported drinking within the last year. 25.8% of people classified their recent consumption habits as binge drinking (excessive drinking in a defined amount of time). Understanding the risks and any possible health benefits of alcohol often seems confusing; that’s understandable, because the evidence for moderate alcohol use in healthy adults isn’t certain.

Abuse is disastrous for health

It also has a dramatic impact on personality and can bring on irritability, hostility, and aggression. A young person who drinks alcohol is also more likely to experiment with other drugs, and to run the risk of becoming addicted to them. Drink for drink, women accumulate more alcohol in their bloodstreams than men do.