Sober living

Alcohol Consumption Can be a Double-Edged Sword for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients PMC

One possible mechanism is oxidative stress resulting from increased production of reactive oxygen species, which leads to an excessive amount of free radicals, which in turn trigger tissue injury and increase inflammation. In addition, AUD’s effect on other major organs (liver, heart, intestines, and skeletal muscle) appears to promote unfavorable pathological processes that are harmful to the kidneys. Notably, these mechanisms have not yet been validated experimentally in the kidney. Additional research is needed to clarify if alcohol does indeed promote kidney injury and the mechanisms by which alcohol-induced kidney injury may occur. When you drink heavily, your kidneys have to work harder to filter out the alcohol.

Still, you should talk with your doctor about the safety and impact of drinking alcohol if you already have kidney disease or kidney cancer. In view of the protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption on cardiovascular diseases, we consider that light-to-moderate alcohol consumption may not have adverse effects. Thus, current alcohol consumers can continue to enjoy light-to-moderate drinking and benefit from it. However, as alcohol consumption can lead to adverse events, such as hypertension, cerebral hemorrhage, alcohol addiction, and tendencies toward violence, clinicians should not advise non-drinkers to start drinking. One of the reasons for this sex difference might be the different pharmacokinetics of ethyl alcohol between men and women. Since women, with a lower proportion of body water, have a smaller distribution volume for alcohol, they are more likely to have a higher concentration of alcohol in the blood than men.

3. Alcohol Consumption

This article highlights the effects of other organs on kidney and renal function; however, it should be noted that alcoholic kidney injury itself may have negative metabolic consequences. One such complication is impaired vitamin D metabolism (Shankar et al. 2008), which may influence the function of several other organs, creating a vicious cycle. The kidneys are hard at work on any given day in a healthy person, but the kidneys of a heavy drinker work overtime. A heavy drinker is defined as a woman who drinks more than seven times a week or a man who drinks more than 14 times a week. People who maintain this kind of drinking habit are at double the risk for developing kidney disease compared to the general population, including moderate drinkers.

  • It is hoped that future investigations will focus on this important subject area.
  • What about the kidney pain some people claim to feel after a night of drinking?
  • Other studies found that alcohol combined with energy drinks, caffeine, or soft drinks can disturb the physiological redox reaction and cause lipoperoxidation in the liver and nephrotoxicity [30,118].
  • The name is derived from albumin, a protein that is used in building muscle, fighting infection and repairing tissue.
  • Often it occurs simultaneously with phosphate deficiencies, also frequently encountered among alcoholic patients.
  • Alcohol, whether in moderation or excess, exacerbates kidney problems to the point of actual kidney disease.

In addition, the beverage type and exact amount of alcohol consumed were not available in the dataset. However, previous studies have not revealed beverage-specific associations [28]. Figure 1 showed the crude follow up condition of the three drinking groups.

Does Alcohol Affect Your Kidneys?

Hence, we sought to examine the association of alcohol consumption with the change and rapid decline in kidney function over 12 years in a South Korean population-based cohort study. Cancer experts strongly recommend not drinking alcohol at all due to its potentially harmful effects on the body. Alcohol is known to increase your risk for several different types of cancer and cause kidney damage over time.

alcohol and kidneys

Albuminuria (proteinuria) is caused by kidney damage, specifically when the damage occurs in the glomerulus (the kidney’s filter). Sometimes this is temporary (short-term damage), while other times it is chronic (long-term damage). The exact cause for the kidney damage is different for each person and may even be due to several factors combined. The easiest way to get the professional assistance of the medical representatives is to call one of the hundreds of alcohol treatment facilities available. If you have kidney cancer, it’s best to talk with your doctor about moderate drinking. Your doctor can give you advice about whether it is safe to consume alcohol while undergoing cancer treatment.

Alcohol risks: A body out of balance

Evidence also exists that alcohol-related damage to the liver, in particular advanced liver cirrhosis, leads to hepatorenal syndrome (HRS)—a deterioration in renal function related to impaired circulation. The underlying mechanisms involved in the development and progression of HRS are incompletely understood, although it is plausible that the altered balance between vasoconstrictor and vasodilator factors plays a significant role (Lenz 2005). These are signs that the kidneys are not working as they should, and they can be symptoms of acute kidney injury due to a high alcohol consumption. Abstaining from alcohol is a difficult challenge on its own, but for a person who is struggling with kidney problems, there are additional health considerations to take into account. With the passage of time and positive changes, the kidneys can return to normal, optimal functioning. A compromised diluting ability has important implications for the management of patients with advanced liver disease.

  • The primary exposure was baseline total alcohol intake divided into four categories.
  • However, we should be aware that alcohol also can contain harmful substances.
  • If you’re currently taking medications for kidney cancer or are having surgery to remove a kidney (nephrectomy), talk with your doctor about how much alcohol is safe to have during treatment.
  • All data were composed, organized, and explored in the Health and Welfare Data Science Center of Ministry of Health and Welfare in Taiwan.

While we know that drinking alcohol doesn’t directly impact one’s development of type 2 diabetes, drinking alcohol can have serious side effects for people who have diabetes or are prone to low blood sugar issues. Drink moderately and always be sure to eat a balanced meal if you are drinking booze, as food can mitigate the effect alcohol has on your glucose levels. Check with your doctor to ensure that you shouldn’t have any adverse reactions and that your medication will not contribute to low blood sugars while drinking alcohol.